Forging a Bi-metal Bearded Axe from a RR Tie Plate and File

Forging a Bi-metal Bearded Axe from a RR Tie Plate and File

Hello friends this video is about making
a bi-metal axe from scratch my axe’s wedge-shaped head was forged from a
massive railroad pad with the eye punched out using a drift while the cutting edge
was made from high carbon steel of an old metal file the axe’s handle was made
from a stabilized aspen while the handles shoulder was additionally
reinforced with carbon fiber at first glance one might think it is only a
decorative axe but let me assure you it is the real deal the axe underwent a year
of brutal testing in the Russian outdoors
it was then further improved and now it successfully going through its final
tests before being mailed to its new owner regardless of how you hold the axe
it produces no vibration or recoil the axe’s massive butt aids in balance and
control it works well for chopping hacking chiseling and even cutting I
heavily used this axe and my new DIY chisel for all of the projects at my log
cabin campus I didn’t even have to be sharpen
either tool a single time the high carbon steel edge stays sharp for a long
time this axe was made as a reciprocal gift to one of my viewers and presents
shouldn’t have any functional weaknesses or design flaws I’m fully confident in
this axe and it will soon be going to its new owner let’s get to the story of
how this axe came to be I forged the body of my axe from an old railroad pad
first of all we need to cut it to size I’m going to use my homemade side
grinder cutting attachment to perform the task fast and safely I use AC/DC
or Metallica heavy metal CDs to cut thick pieces like this one you could use
Queen or Nirvana for softer metals only kidding I’m probably going to catch a
lot of fire from Queen and Nirvana’s fans for that ))))
I particularly like my jig’s sliding function you can make a long and deep
cut in only one pass there are no vibrations no disk biting or overheating
the cut ends up being nearly perfect and the side grinder’s disc gets less wear if
you can see any deficiencies in my cutting attachment or you come up with
an idea on how to improve the jig I would love to hear your suggestions okay
a cut rectangular metal bar and now we can start forging it I don’t have much
experience in forging metal also a lack special instruments for the task this is
why I decided to drill a row of holes to make it easier to shape the axe’s eye
to make the forging process safer I welded a metal pin to the workpiece and
slightly nudged it in the center with a regular rock chisel it is a lot easier
to see if you are off-center on cold metal before you begin punching a hole by
blacksmithing now it will be easier to find the central mark by feel when the
metal is red-hot but there is no time to waste we need to heat up the workpiece I
use my portable gas forge I made from a tin barrel in order to punch out
the eye I will have to keep the workpiece stable on its side because I
don’t have a helper and I only have two hands for a hammer and a chisel I will
have to reserve to the traditional blacksmith’s trick holding a
workpiece with legs this is why an anvil should be at the height at which
your thumb hangs when you stand with your arms to your side as the rock
chisel gets deeper into the workpiece it gets hot and soft so you have to cool it
down in water frequently otherwise it will start deforming I traded my small
hammer and chisel for larger ones and it noticeably sped up the process
turning the workpiece while punching helps to shape a straight hole now I
will need a conical eye drift to form a wedge-shaped tunnel
for a handle I made my own drift from two battered tractor tread’s pins I
found earlier they were not very straight but my trusty grinder took care
of their visual imperfections I’m quite happy with the result and now we can
return to the axe forging process I enjoy looking at and working with
red-hot metal that is so unusually malleable in your hands
physical work like this is more of entertainment for me as opposed to a
computer or office work a cold drift quickly cools off the workpiece
and you have to reheat it every 10-15 hits this cycle allows you to rest your
arm while you wait for the metal to achieve about 1600 degrees Fahrenheit
(850 degrees Celsius) I don’t have any digital gauges and I was going by the
metal’s color just like our ancestors ‘the lighter the color – the hotter the metal’
raspberry color represents the temperature I needed as a forced a drift
all the way to the anvil I began to further shape the eye making it taller
the taller and the eye the tighter and more secure an axe’s handle will be seated in
it while the eye is cooled down by the drift the rest of the body is hot
enough for shaping the axe’s cheeks with each heating and hammering cycle the axe
becomes more and more asymmetrical: its beard and toe begin to widen for my design I
have to try to keep the toe in its current position and extend the heel
backwards okay as the drift went all the way through the axe’s body I decided to
take a break and study the workpiece I think you would agree with me it already
looks like an axe it is time to reheat the workpiece to continue shaping the
axe I enlarged the eye a little and began to work on the bit the cutting
edge will need to be widened hammering it
against an anvil will do the trick the bit gets wider and thicker it is very
satisfying to shape hot metal with a file even an
old semi-dull file easily shapes the workpiece while giving my axe rough shape I
arrived to the next step because I decided to make my axe bi-metal the next
step will be welding a narrow piece of high carbon steel into the blades soft
metal I used an old Soviet made metal file as a high carbon steel donor this
way the high carbon cutting edge will stay sharp much longer while the excess
body made of softer steel wouldn’t chip or crack I haven’t quite mastered forge-welding yet so I decided to play it safe and used an electric welder to create a
metallic bond between the atoms of both metals (U-10 high carbon tool steel and
softer ST-3 grade steel that came from the railroad pad) I’m planning to make
my next bi-metal axe using a traditional forge-welding technique though as I was
finishing shaping the bit the cutting edge got too wide for my gas mini-forge so I had to use my coal forge made from two metal buckets and sand as a
heat insulation switching from gas to coal fuel was actually a plus for me
because the coal forge doesn’t draw carbon from the metal my improvised
anvil doesn’t have a horn which makes it more difficult to shape the axe’s
contour however I managed to give my axe the shape I had in mind without it
almost entirely by blacksmithing I think I’m ready to make a more complicated
project perhaps an axe with more complex and exotic geometry similar to my
vintage Billnas number 9 Finnish axe shown in some previous videos
I must have gotten a few hundred comments over a short period of time
asking about what kind of an axe it was Because this axe is a gift it should look presentable which means I
will need to grind and polish it I wanted to give my axe a distinct handmade
look so leaving some hammer marks would be a good thing this is why I used the
soft radial sanding disc to do initial sanding and polishing to further
individualize the axe I branded it with two of my logos you can see them at the
bottom of your screen as watermarks before doing it I had to re-flatten the
axe’s eye to prevent its recoil it is important because you have to stamp a
logo with one strong decisive punch the axe’s recoil can spoil the branding
process despite my expectations it took me some time to restore the axe’s
geometry to where it was before branding process conclusion if you want to stamp
your axe with a logo do it before you fully shape its eye okay as the eye is
back to its normal conical shape with its outer opening being wider we can get
to the final checks and corrections of the axe’s geometry before quenching and
tempering it I quench the axe’s cutting edge in a small amount of warm oil such
selective heat treatment will only harden the axe’s cutting edge leaving its body and eye comparatively soft which prevents it from cracking during heavy
use in this video I attempted to show that even a novice metal worker can make
a decent axe from scraps as long as he or she has time and desire in the next
video I will share details on how I polished and sharpened my axe also I will
show how I made, stabilized, and installed the axe’s handle using three wedges as well
as how the handle’s shoulder was reinforced with carbon fiber finally
you will see my axe being tested as well as how you can easily make plastic axe
guards of different designs p.s. there are hundreds of videos on YouTube
showing how to make a side grinders stand
I’m not sure if the world needs yet another design of it if you still want
to see a video about my sliding side grinder’s stand let me know below please
if you liked this video perhaps you could share it with your friends let
good people watch good videos this is Max Egorov, st.Petersburg, Russia and a
final note I only produce one or two videos max a month and if you don’t want
to miss new content like this you can click on the bell reminder for
notifications I hope to see you back on Advoko MAKES

Randy Schultz

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56 thoughts on “Forging a Bi-metal Bearded Axe from a RR Tie Plate and File

  1. Advoko MAKES says:

    In this video, I attempted to show that even a novice metalworker can make a decent axe from scraps as long as he or she has time and desire.

    In the next video, I will share details on how I polished and sharpened my axe. 

    p.s. There are hundreds of videos on youtube showing how to make a side grinder's stand. I am not sure if the world needs yet another design of it. 

    If you still want to see a video about my sliding side grinder's stand let me know below, please.


    My Patreon page:

  2. SweWince says:

    Great stuff as always, we hope to see more videos soon!

  3. Nik Burton says:

    Damn Max! That's some beautiful work! I saw a bunch of your videos in Russian, but I don't speak it. They were still instructional though. Keep it up, Sir!

  4. jello77 says:

    Loving your videos mate. Hello from Australia.

  5. Seb Krause says:

    Fantastic work, definitely would like to see the grinder in more detail. Would love to see more videos of blacksmithing too.

  6. Bruno Bauer says:

    Great video! Greetings from Perú

  7. mindyourownbusiness says:

    Thats a great looking axe!

  8. Wesley Thompson says:

    I love your videos thank you for making them!

  9. Johnny B says:

    wow that's truly amazing, very very talented

  10. R Dorrance says:

    Thank you for this great video. Very interested in the crafting of the handle and carbon fiber guard! I appreciate the inspiration to get out and try some of this myself.

  11. john harris says:

    Great video keep the English ones coming ??

  12. mark o says:

    Great video ?????

  13. Square Body Chevy Overhauls says:

    Great job ! We love Russia

  14. Scott Fletcha says:

    God I wish I lived close to you so I can learn a lot of good stuff!

  15. J Vetter says:

    You are so clever, it's wonderful seeing all you do. I wish my grandfather were still alive so I could share your videos with him.

  16. Playing In The Road says:

    You are too modest, you're well beyond an amateur.

  17. cdl0 says:

    Great video! Fantastic axe! Brilliant craftsmanship!

  18. pieter bezuidenhout says:

    Hi Max,
    Truly you continue to make me happy when l see a young man like you with such a beautiful outlook on life.
    I am a 66year old guy with a lot of God given knowledge and experience in life and l am not scared of the Devil thus l understand and smile at your absolute courage in taking on any seemingly impossible task making it into something to never be forgotten.
    I am curiously waiting to see the end result of the water wheel you're busy with so do keep us posted on this please.
    Wish l could meet you in person one day as though l am older we share the same outlook and thinking and values.
    Be strong and enjoy life to the full,
    greetings from South Africa.

  19. DoctorineKureha says:

    Maxim made a new video! I can understand what he's saying!

    Time to relax.

  20. William Fallis says:

    Zgreat video as always, yes to more info on the grinder!

  21. Survivalist says:

    You are amazing bro

  22. Fuzz Mantra says:

    Why not make one video documenting your axe forge instead of 2 parts?

  23. YooPico says:

    This was oddly satisfying. Amazing video! So glad I could see it.

  24. Steve Linbergbaby says:

    Classic Smithing with a creative twist on used materials ?

  25. Artemus Rodricq says:


  26. Salazar Payne says:


  27. Fred reiselust says:

    Excellent! Very well done! And I am jealous of the wood you carve, it looks like it cuts like butter lol.

  28. mweb1 says:

    I am impressed with your knowledge!

  29. SportoPaul says:

    Your videos are really awesome. You’ve inspired me want to finally get off my ass and be adventurous again. Wanting to learn new skills; I’ve already begun to teach myself woodworking. I think forging may be next. Thank you for that. Please, keep up the great work. They have an effect all the way over here, on the other side of the world.

  30. dennis winspear says:

    Love your channel in English, very good! ……[email protected] 2:45 you took metal shavings off of a torqued drill bit………That is an extreme no, no – safety hazard….Otherwise a beautiful axe & very professional.

  31. The Narrator says:

    Man this is freakin beautiful. Love the work bro

  32. Gray .v1 says:

    Your channel is a gem

  33. Lima 1 says:

    This is the second video watched today of yours! Definitely a subscriber! Everything you do looks so easy but it takes much skill!!
    You should sell your axes…I’d buy one!!
    Great job and thanks for the videos and humor ?????

  34. rontex1234 says:

    If you ever find yourself visiting Pennsylvania please let me know,,, it would be a pleasure to buy you dinner! THANK YOU for your videos!

  35. Orient says:

    Beautiful axe, the one that recieves it should be very happy 🙂

  36. Charlie chucks says:

    Your English is perfect! Great video!!! Thank you for posting them!

  37. Rod Bennett says:

    Very nice, interesting video.
    Thank you for sharing.

  38. uncadeez says:

    You are an artist!

  39. Handsome White Devil says:

    What a neat guy you are. Always entertaining.

    Greetings once again from the Space Coast FL, USA

  40. Bernard Tientjes says:

    Awesome video , that's a great ax.

  41. Theo_w_ says:

    thanks for sharing this contnt whit us it is verry enspirring to watch

  42. FatManAquatics says:

    Yes, the video of the grinder stand would be good!! 🙂 🙂 And that is one heck of a cool and very functional ax!!

  43. Arend Mookhoek says:

    That was awesome, thank you.

  44. Gareth Russell says:

    It’s always a happy day when I see you’ve uploaded a video Max! Great work once again, I love your craftsmanship!

  45. victor castle says:

    I like the axe design and wonder if you will be selling some ? Maybe even a narrow none bearded ? Like a youtuber from Denmark made and uses.. It also has a long wrap around metal for the haft/handle…..Ruel , I believe ?

  46. azsazs says:

    Are you Russian?

  47. Joel Glyn-Davies says:

    Haha Nirvana were heavy man!!!

  48. Joel Glyn-Davies says:

    Amazing. Show how you made cover for sure.

  49. Pao emantega says:

    It is a pleasure to watch you make, engineer, devise, plan, react and overcome obstacles. You are an engineer. You love the things you do. Keep up the great videos.

  50. Young Smokepole says:

    What would be the chances of asking you to make one for me (paid for of course)?

  51. Klaus Nielsen says:

    Beautiful work and I like the combination of hand made signs as the hammer marks and the space age carbon fibre.
    Subbed ?

  52. John Browning says:

    Mighty fine

  53. Joe Lewis says:

    Metal joke was awesome!

  54. Rob L. says:

    Nice job! That is beautiful. I'd like to see the same level of detail around all aspects of your project. The carbon fiber and leather portions are equally as important and showcase your craftsmanship. Keep it up! Hello from Kansas, USA.

  55. madtothamax says:

    Impressive skills, creativity, craftsmanship and pure raw engineering. keep sharing your amazing work. Love to see you videos techniques and explanations. ?

  56. Stig Martin says:

    Love how much care and attention you give to your work. A credit to your Russian accent ??

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