DINOSAUR SCIENCE! feat. Chris Pratt and Jack Horner

DINOSAUR SCIENCE! feat. Chris Pratt and Jack Horner

Hey, Vsauce. Michael here.
What are monsters?
Scary, unnatural things?
Yes, but they’re more than that and we knew
that back when we named them. The word monster comes from the same root word as demonstrate and demonstrative, monere, meaning to teach, to instruct, to warn. Monsters, like dinosaurs,
and the stories we tell about them, have a lot to tell us about ourselves, about the past and about the future. This Vsauce1 video is not an ordinary video, it is a dinosaur-dnary video, built not just out of me talking, but also world-famous palaeontologist
and technical adviser to every Jurassic Park film, Jack Horner, and the hilarious Chris Pratt.
First things first, scientists have so far broken Earth’s
history down into 22 periods.
The Jurassic period has come and gone, but the one we live in today is called
the Quaternary. Jurassic World is the movie that you’re in.
The thing that we’re filming right now Quaternary World.
Quaternary World.
We are organisms from the Quaternary. Quaternary Park would be, well,
basically like Universal Studios or something. Exactly. Actually, literally any place on Earth right now. Dinosaurs, fossils.
Dinosaur, fossil. Fossil, fossil fuel.
Is it safe to say that our cars run on the ghosts of dinosaurs? That question sounds mind-blowing, but is it true?
Are we really fuelling our cars with dinosaur remains?
Well, I asked paleontologist Jack Horner and his answer is worth beginning from
the bottom or rather from things that come out of bottoms. You’ll see what I mean.
Okay, so this. Let me guess what this. Okay.
Yeah, it looks like coal almost. Well, they are, it’s actually a coprolite.
What’s a coprolite? Fossilised dung.
Dung? Oh, so this is plant material that was eaten Eaten. Turned into poop. Yes.
And then preserved so that I could hold it today.
Yes, exactly. That’s a dinosaur poop.
This is dinosaur poop. Yes. It smells like a rock.
Sometimes when we break open somebody’s things that are… that have a… have a very high concentration plant
material you actually can smell it. Really? Uhm.
What does it smell like? Mmmh, rotting wood.
After this long it still has an odour of rotting?
It can, yes. So, we can probably learn a lot.
We can learn more about the dinosaur from that right there
than we can from the bone from its body. That is amazing.
Because we can determine, we can determine exactly what it was eating and and and we can look at how it’s chopped up, so you can tell a lot about exactly how they process the food.
So, from the scientific perspective of learning
about dinosaurs, poop is not crappy at all. Yes. Thanks for laughing at that.
Now, at any point would that turn into oil?
No, oil does not come from dinosaur poop.
Does it come from dinosaurs at all? It doesn’t come from dinosaurs at all.
They come from microorganisms and oceans.
If you took all of the dinosaurs that ever lived and… and, you know, squished them up in order to get the oil out of them, we’d probably go through that oil in,
you know, couple of days. No kidding(!)
I mean the microorganisms from the ocean, from the oceans over these millions of years produced… I mean, the biomass is just incredible. Compared to the dinosaurs.
So there could be a tiny molecule of oil in every thousand gallons or more that’s from a dinosaur.
No, you really not even gonna… That’s not even going to happen as well.
Basically, all of the oil reserves we have are in in sedimentary rocks, produced in oceans. So we don’t put dinosaur ghosts into our cars, but don’t feel lonely.
There are actual living dinosaurs with us today. There are dinosaurs still around today.
Dinosaurs never went extinct. What? Elaborate, alright, fine I will.
So, dinosaurs… Yeah, that’s what I meant.
Dinosaurs are not a species, that was called a clade. They’re from the clade dinosauria.
And the clade is just some organism and all of its descendants.
Okay. Okay? Dinosaurs came in all different types, right? All of these things were called dinosauria and then a huge extinction event
happened, 65 million years ago. Yup.
Giant rock hit Earth and like almost all of them, all the ones, died except for a few. And you know what this one was,
this little branch? That’s what clade means, by the way – branch. Aardvark. Aardvark. No?
Uhh, I do. I know what it was.
What? Halibut. Just for the halibut I will say correct. That’s a dumb joke,
that’s a joke that’s been made a bunch. I’ve never heard it before. Really?
You just said “halibut” like “hell of it.” Yeah. Yeah. Classic.
Now figure this trout. Wow. Dude. The answer is birds. Technically birds aren’t just descended
from dinosaurs, they literally are dinosaur. Exactly. You know,
to determine how things are related to one another we look at the characteristics
that they share and when you think about birds and the
characteristics that we think of as being bird characteristics,
they are feathers, hollow bones, the wishbone, you know, you can go on and on,
but those are just a few of them and it turns out dinosaurs have
them as well, so dinosaurs had these characteristics before birds. The hypothesis is that birds are the dinosaurs.
The meteor impact that killed off the dinosaurs didn’t kill off all of them.
It killed off then what we call the non-avian dinosaurs and the avian dinosaurs we still have with us.
In Jurassic World, the park’s decision-makers create dinosaurs that have appearances that bring in tourists, not appearances that are
historically accurate. For example, they didn’t put feathers on
any of their dinosaurs, although it is believed that many dinosaurs had feathers. It’s believed that the
velociraptor probably actually looked more like this. And as far as the reality of creating a
park like Jurassic World, Horner had this to say. Everything about it is fictional, we can’t bring dinosaurs back by cloning them. If we make dinosaurs, which, I hope we are able to do one of these
days, it will be retro engineering from a bird, in other words going backwards from a bird.
They’re still going to be fictional creatures because they’re not going to be historical dinosaurs.
They’ll be things we made.
They’ll be things we make, yeah, that’s right. Why are we so thrilled by the idea of bringing back un-extincting non-avian dinosaurs? You know what?
That actually brings up an even bigger question. Why are dinosaurs so fascinating to kids?
Dinosaurs are terrifying and we love to be scared, but Dracula and ghosts and all this stuff,
it’s a little, it’s a little not real. But dinosaurs? We’ve got their fossils.
Right. You know? We’ve got the fact that, no, these really
were on Earth, they really were walking around right here. Why is it so awesome when they flip out
and start killing people? Watching something flip out and kill
people is thrilling. It’s morbid curiosity, but the more intense the flip out, the more exciting it is to see the flip undone, to see humans prevail in the end.
No matter how beastly and huge dinosaurs were,
the fact remains that they went extinct.
They are a reminder that sooner or later the universe will beat everything.
A meteor impact, like the one that killed off all the non-avian dinosaurs
will happen again in about the next 100 million years or
so, but we might stand a fighting chance. We have technology and we have the ability to predict, and possibly even avoid,
a similar fate involing us. Outer space may seem distant and sometimes irrelevant to pressing earthly concerns, but let’s not forget what Larry Niven said,
“The dinosaurs went extinct because they didn’t have
a space program.” And as always, thanks for watching.

Randy Schultz

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100 thoughts on “DINOSAUR SCIENCE! feat. Chris Pratt and Jack Horner

  1. we are no less says:

    Hey Michael.. I have a doubt, it isn't about dinosaurs..but we humans.. why is that monkeys that are closely related to us can't talk (in the sense imitate our voice) but parrots who are not as related to us as monkey could?

  2. Argonautas Quarteto says:

    Hi, I'm from Brazil and I have a seemingly stupid question. Why does he say "kill off"? Wouldn't "kill" be enough?

  3. Jan Willem v.d. Gronden says:

    Fun fact: Monster in Dutch has literally those two meanings: monster as in the sense of Loch Ness, and monster as in sample. You can take a “monster” of the fabric for reupholstering your car seat, take a monster of the Flint water for testing.

  4. I own Far too much macaroni, but says:

    Aww…I was hoping that Rockefeller was an ancient excrement tycoon.

  5. Joshkin says:

    5:30 His laugh omg

  6. Tajpizza52 says:

    My Dino friends went missing!

  7. Trey Ballard says:

    Great video! The way you present your information and transition from one subject to the next is striking.

  8. Camilo Utria says:

    Michael: There are dinosaurs still alive today, they never went extinct.
    Chris Pratt: What?

  9. Wyan says:

    Chris: "mhm" "yep" "yep" "mhm" "yes"

  10. ɪɪᴅxʀᴏᴛʜʏ /iidxrothy says:

    C R I S P R A T

  11. bruhitsjess says:

    3:35 buzzfeed unsolved music

  12. Vishwajit Hampiholi says:

    What about lizards .. Aren't they a kind of dinosaur.??

  13. Daniel McEachern says:

    "Oh, this is poop?"

    smells it

    One of our greatest educators, lady and gentlemen.

  14. T-series says:

    HEY VSAUCE MICHEAL HERE what are monsters btw

  15. Akshit SIvaraman says:

    me:did sum wrong


    me*thinks* oh god this teacher is such a monster

    vsauce:what are monsters?

    -detective music starts-

  16. Eric Poole says:

    The great irony of Larry Niven’s comment is that we very well could become extinct because of our space program.

  17. Raam Rajaram says:

    The next creatures on earth would say, Humans went extinct because they'd not have a "bla bla" Banana

  18. Actually Wario says:


  19. Nick Tokar says:

    What about crocodilians. Werent they around during the time of the dinosaurs also? They were non-avian, but managed to survive. So, aren't modern alligators and crocodiles technically dinosaurs that never went extinct?

  20. Digital Down says:

    I wish this video was longer. Probably my favorite vsauce video.

  21. Snowman 雪人 says:

    Birds are dinosaurs
    Birdies are cute
    Dynies are cute af

  22. Domi B. says:

    6:16 trucc

  23. mo so says:

    Thanks for creating it.

  24. Dolan Dumb says:

    I didn’t get the halibut joke, can someone explain?

  25. Mukund Adhikari says:

    If all avian dinosaurs survived, then why pteranodon didn’t survive ?

  26. Joseph Weimer says:

    Welcome…To Jurassic World…

  27. Silver Heart says:

    With his last remark, all I can think of now is dinosaurs with a space program.

  28. Gible 117 says:

    Sorry to say it but the earth is only around 6000 years old. So all of these time periods are quite bs.

  29. Anil Mishra says:

    Tears rolled down.
    Dec 6 anybody

  30. Jurassic Productions says:

    God i love Chris Pratt, hes sooo cool

  31. NGC 7635 says:

    Man, Earth most of been so boring way back in the day
    “Oh look rocks and stuff”
    100 million year later
    “…yeah…lot of rocks..there’s a puddle over there. Probably got some bacteria in there..nice”

  32. Harsh Khare says:

    Look at Michaels face he is like are you kidding me

  33. MrBoh11 says:

    4:15 Dad: Why is the US Army at the door?

  34. Romy DelPo says:

    What if I’m a MOnsterrrrRrRR that’s been here all along

  35. Romy DelPo says:

    I love Chris Pratt.

  36. spookyfestivedude says:

    Why have I never seen this video

  37. Jerry Rupprecht says:

    Now we are arguably in the anthropocene making this video outdated.

  38. Blookz says:

    this reminded me of that enterview with katy perry and that ummm.. nvm

  39. CJ R says:

    I love that Pratts probably referencing Monty Python when he said halibut. Those guys sure loved that word

  40. hamid ibrahim says:

    i miss vsauce so much

  41. Kay Thwe Khin says:

    In a dinosaur kingdom…

    The king = T. Rex
    The fishermen = Spinosaurids
    The spies = Dromaeosaurids
    The hunters = Allosaurus
    The big hunter: Carcharodontosaurus

  42. shard says:

    Chris looks so confused

  43. Neon_Citi says:

    I wonder how many people really care. Like no offence but it seems like Chris didn't really care about the time period stuff

  44. Mike Clark says:

    This is a fun and interesting video! Why aren't there 20 million views?

  45. Marta Konieczna says:

    This old professor is Ross Geller from the future ;]

  46. Jeffrey Landis says:

    Dinosaurs aren’t monsters, as monsters are unnatural, the opposite of dinosaurs

  47. LEMONS Patusky says:

    Now i can flex to my friends that i know dinosaurs didnt die of and they are still here

  48. 1966johnnywayne says:

    Ruth Bader Ginsburg…a mechanical dinosaur.

  49. Theo Fairytail says:

    Michael, you look a lot like my dad, a kid once came up to my dad and said, "Are you Vsauce?!"

  50. Andrzej Nastlame says:

    Just here to state the obvious – Chris Prat is a dick.

  51. Awesome Anbar says:

    Oh damn it's Chris Pratt

  52. naitik taunk says:

    World class paleontologist Dr. Ross Geller

  53. Ben Gillespie says:

    what are monsters? cute af waifus that's what

  54. drey santillan says:

    I love the speech at the end

  55. Kerrson Jireh says:

    the DINOSAUR din't instinct because they don't have a space program….. wt

  56. Zetser List says:

    What about crocodiles, sharks, lizards…?

  57. Sophia Shakti says:

    The best knowledge based on true science comes from S. Saveliev studies. Surprise, their brains could not possibly support the way they pictured in the movies. Get true science not make up for popularity. Birds are not dinosaurs, the same paleontology studies by Saveliev prove it.

  58. Darth Vader says:

    Monster is a relative term.

  59. Jesus Martinez says:

    If many millions of years from now if people (if they're still people at that time) ever find a fossil of a chicken at least they know how it looked like because we coexisted with them and we have plenty of media featuring chickens.

  60. Tariq Rahim says:

    What’s the whistling music?

  61. 1 sub with no videos says:

    Chris Pratt is the man! ?

  62. Nexxus CaTz says:

    “Which way is down?” Is the latest non-premium video from Vsauce, 1 year ago.

    I’m sad

  63. Barbara Hamilton says:

    0:03 people who disliked this video

  64. Jivetalkin13 says:

    You know, funny thing is that dinosaurs actually DID have a space program, but T-rex was in charge of pushing the launch button that day.

  65. maiven says:

    as a paleontology student i appreciate this video <3

  66. el.Zeah.TV says:

    Dinosaurdinary lol

  67. Sachin Raghavan says:

    Dinosaurs are just like all other animals, as are other prehistoric animals. They just eat and sleep.

  68. Belooky gaming says:

    no matter what type of vsauce video it is it always becomes an exitential crisis

  69. SOme ONe says:

    The only reason Chris Pratt was featured was to bring in dumb people who care about symbolism.
    Chris Pratt probably knows very little about dinosaurs besides what lines he has to memorize about the fictitious ones he 'interacted' with as if they were dogs.

  70. Dan Witzke says:

    Hey VSauce, Michael here.
    Dinosaurs went extinct 65,000,000 years ago cue music
    Or did they?
    135,000,000 years ago, earth was a planet that would one day be inhabited by Mozart, who at age six lived in a time where rats were less susceptible to rabies, a disease similar to how zombies are depicted in movies and on TV, which begs the question, if the sun went out for 24 hours, how many licks would it take to get to the center of a tootsie roll pop?
    And as always, thanks for watching.

  71. 100,000 subs no video says:

    this channel is pure gold

    or it"s not

  72. James D Spader F says:

    I do wish he'd stop jumping up, like a some Jack-in-the-Box …… dude, stop it! And the 'hypothesis' that birds are 'dinosaurs' …. nah, chicken is a chicken and NOT a dinosaur. You guys know >>>exactly<<<< what people want in a dinosaur so stop that too. It's not a McDinosaur ….. 😀

  73. xXdAm4sTrIkErXx says:

    I wanna meet chris!!! Damn

  74. Bumble Bee doo doo da da says:

    Why do dinosaurs get their eras but bugs don't??

  75. Random Dude says:

    9:05 Yeah, best e.g is BBC and other foreign nations crying about poverty when India's ISRO does something marvelous. ????

  76. Dino Dude says:

    My two favourite things combined heck yeeeaaahhhh

  77. Mack Fisher says:

    Wheres old vsauce?

  78. PlatinumPrism says:

    I’m Star-Bored

  79. Çingiz says:

    Who's here from the ytp?

  80. Doug H says:

    Is Chris Pratt just acting dumb, or is he really that stupid?

  81. Memento Mori says:

    Good that we have NASA and DART(Double Asteroid Redirection Test). Now we have to survive the mushroom war(atom war) and few vulcanos.

  82. JamesPlays says:

    So what am I holding?


  83. Jayharsha Nagula says:

    Dinosaur shit…

  84. The Epic Lionny says:

    How did Chris Patt have dinosaurs next to him when dinosaurs aare e extinct?

  85. Foggy Kosby says:

    Chris : Aardvark


  86. Butternut Squash says:

    5:31 ur welcome

  87. Arifa Akhtar says:

    How the heck did Micheal have star lord?
    Rocket: What are you doing here? Ok thor you are this spaceship captain.
    Thot: fluffy rabbit it was always me.
    Groot: I am Groot
    Thor : stop playing that dumb game, we have fortnight now!
    Rocket: were you living under rocks? PUBG is better than Fortnight!
    Starlord : this is my ship! I am the captain
    Thor: f*** you? I'm the captain now.

  88. Nicholas Marshal says:

    LoL But dinosaurs did not even exist.

  89. Figurka 500 says:


  90. Hassan Mughal says:

    I know you are a man of how to basic

  91. TARZXAN says:

    So no one gonna mention talking Dinosaurs and facial reconigation on chickens amplified to dinosaurs ? No ? Y’all really don’t be thinking Shame shame on y’all humans

  92. Zȩȵɉȶɧ Rɉȵǥɱȧƨȶȩr says:

    Chris Pratt has that face where one is pretending to understand something and really hope their face conveys their expression of "understatement" but are way off and look like a confused baboon! XD

  93. Cobalt Jester says:

    Dinosaurs are scary because they killed a lot of people 6000 years ago when they lived on Earth with Humans… Oh no wait, that's that people in the USA think…

  94. Derek Laverriere says:

    God: creates dinosaurs
    Dinosaurs: Can’t build churches
    God: “NEW PLAN!”

  95. Speed Zebra says:

    Chris Pratt!!!

  96. Eser Sazli says:

    wow Sauce nice video but I cant to kill my self I not no way …. maybe because of I didn't met you yet and I didn't take a picture with you keep up with these nice videos all ways watch your videos I even grow up your videos I love you but now you are using youtube premium and I don't have money to watch dose videos but I am watch ing yore old videos and that's good enough four now but at the and I will kill mob self at the end I don t now whay I am wrathing this maybe for you to make new free good videos like it unto be probably you will not see this or not reed this but AND ALWAYS THANKS FOR REEDING. ….

  97. Daane Mest says:

    Chris Pratt. Randomly grabbing someones pens and chewing on them.

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