Can I Compost Oranges and Other Citrus Fruits & More Organic Gardening Q&A

Can I Compost Oranges and Other Citrus Fruits & More Organic Gardening Q&A

This is John Kohler with,
today we have another exciting episode for you, and once again, it’s time for answering
your guys’ questions. Wo what we’re going to do today is answer your questions and have
a whole bunch of them listed out here. And if you do want to ask me a question, the best
place to get it to me is actually on my YouTube comments page or over the YouTube email system.
If you do post a question below the video often times I will read them, but don’t
have the opportunity to answer each and every one because I’m so busy with trying to keep
my backyard garden growing. As you can see it’s behind me and it looks beautiful, I
have all kinds of stuff growing and be sure to stay tuned for an upcoming update garden
tour of what I’m growing currently, which is actually a lot of stuff, easily being able
to pick my greens for my salad, my juices and my blended smoothies every day with no
problem just with half my backyard covered, and pretty soon will be converting the other
half. So stay tuned for that episode as well. In any case, let’s get into today’s questions.
First question is Ramur1, “John, can I use pressure-treated lumber to build a raised
bed garden if I line it with heavy-duty black plastic so no dirt is touching the wood? Thanks.”
All right, you can do anything you want. Now would John use pressure-treated lumber to
build his raised bed garden even with plastic on the inside? I would absolutely not use
pressure-treated lumber and don’t encourage anyone to use pressure-treated lumber either.
Before I even use pressure-treated lumber I would actually use a plastic-style lumber,
or even better yet just use some landscaping blocks or some concrete cinder blocks to build
a raised bed. Before even using pressure-treated lumber I would just use standard lumber that
I treated with a non-toxic stain, and stay tuned for another episode on me using some
non-toxic staining to seal some of the container gardens or pots, wooden containers that I
have. And let’s see, the heavy-duty black plastic, the problem with that that’s going
to break down over time, and then you’re just going to have plastic fragments all mixed
in with your soil. If you did really still want to do that I’d recommend buying a rubber
pond liner, not the vinyl pond liners which are horrible. But the rubber pond liner to
do that, but those pond liners heavy duty expensive because I looked into all this way
back before I built my raised beds and I chose to build my raised beds out of cedar wood,
also using redwood, and that’s the wood that I’d recommend to you guys out there,
and just do the best you can. Next question is from TheRedLiga1, “John,
you are the garden man, I appreciate your videos, humor, candor, and incredible info
including juicing comparisons. My question is, it looks like your personal raised beds
are at least three feet deep, why are your raised beds so deep?” So as you can see
I’m here in my backyard garden, and most of the raised beds in the backyard garden
here I think are about eight inches deep, that’s about the size of the raised bed
kits that I bought, and in my front yard garden that I have, the front of my front yard garden
is about waist height. And I did that because it was a design criteria, not because the
plants need it. The property is sloped, so I wanted to have the same level of the beds
all the way back, so what I did is I started at the back of the lot, and I made all the
beds 12 inches deep. And then we took that level and ran it all the way out to the front
because the property is sloped, the front beds are taller. Now this is absolutely not
necessary, this is a design element so that when you look at it, it looks nice, clean,
and everything’s the same exact height and level, and just looks a lot nicer than having
everything all different levels. I don’t know, and that’s the way I like it, so it
looks cleaner. So yeah, that’s why it’s three feet deep at the front of the front
yard garden that I’m growing, because it’s a design element. That’s exactly why. Otherwise
I’m cool with 12 inches deep, and you still don’t even need 12 inches. I’m growing
eight inches deep here, everything’s doing really well.
So the next question is Bertha Miller, “John I need to have boxes to grow veggies in, we
eat and juice so much food it is costing us a small fortune to buy all organic fruits
and veggies. What are the purple boxes that you use to grow food in made of and where
did you purchase them cost, thank you.” So Bertha, so I started experimenting besides
the raised beds here, which are a much better cost because actually each one of these raised
beds, the circular ones I got on clearance for about 10 bucks, and actually the purple
boxes that you’ve seen in past videos were also ten bucks. And there’s pros and cons
to each one, I like that this is ten dollars and it’s four foot circular whereas the
little purple boxes are about two feet by one feet, but they’re self-watering, and
they’re movable. So depending your space, but what I see is that the little small boxes
are kind of good for my everyday salad greens. I planted things close in there so that I
could harvest them when they’re young for my nightly salads, and I definitely have enough
salad greens just in those little purple Growums boxes. And if I was growing larger and wanted
a higher quantity of food I would definitely get some raised beds instead of just some
little boxes, I did have some space where I just had some concrete and I thought for
ten bucks I thought I’d experiment with them and they’ve actually been working really
well. And you can just fit a lot more in a larger footprint or a larger area, and I always
encourage you guys to develop and grow as much area as you can afford to, because you’ll
have that much more food. So they are made of plastic, I believe they’re a recycled
plastic, and I got them at Lowe’s and they were on clearance for ten dollars. That being
said Lowes across the country is probably out of them. Be sure to check my past videos,
my past videos are a wealth of knowledge, over 750 videos now, over 50,000 subscribers
so thanks to you all you guys that make me the largest and most-watched gardening channel.
Hopefully I’m able to share good information with you so that you can continue to grow
more food at home. So yeah, always check my past videos, because if you have a question,
search my videos first because I probably have answered it, because often times I get
similar questions over and over again. So other than that you can probably order them
online the regular price, I got them on clearance for ten dollars, I thought they were a phenomenal
deal, normally they’re 30 to 40 dollars each. In which case, I’d much rather you
guys get a raised bed, but for 10 bucks, self-watering, especially if you’re in an apartment in
New York City and you can grow on a patio, they’re definitely a good investment.
Alright next question is from KRR, “Hey John, since you mess with a lot of edibles
it sounds like you know a lot, but I’m sure you don’t know everything about every plant
you touch, so where do you go for your info if you don’t know what a plant is, can you
make some reference suggestions for like example, the John Kohler Growing Your Greens Plant
Encyclopedia and Identification Guide. It’s hard to identify something if you don’t
have a starting reference point. Any help would be appreciated, thanks, Kyle.” Alright
Kyle so, you know pretty much I learn about the plants I do by going on wild food walks
with somebody that’s experienced, then I can learn from them and I can physically see
the plant, and then once I learn it, I pretty much don’t forget it, or at least I’ll
know that it’s edible, I won’t know necessarily the name, and while I do know a lot of plants,
I mainly know about the edible plants. If it’s an edible plant, I have no flippin’
clue what it is, so don’t quiz me on non-edible plants, I probably don’t know. But I know
a good percentage of edible ones. Another way I learn is by going to nurseries, I love
going to nurseries, especially those hole in the wall nurseries, just a home-grown nursery,
not some big box store, and just wandering through the plant collections and finding
out and seeing with my eyes the different nursery starts, the plant starts and how they
look, and then I can feel and touch the plants, see how they’re growing, see what they look
like, and also I get to know those varieties. In addition another thing I like to do is
go to garden and flower shows. I always learn about some new plant at garden and flower
shows, it’s really cool. Another way I also encourage you guys to learn and grow is by
free. A free method, this is ingenious, is I like to get seed catalogs, especially seed
catalogs that have full color pictures, and I can actually see what the plant looks like,
what the fruit’s going to look like and the variety name, especially where there’s
so many varieties of some of these fruits and vegetables, especially some of the uncommon
ones. So I’ll have an upcoming episode on my 2013 favorite seed catalogs coming up really
soon. Another way that I really like to learn about the plants and research plants online.
Google’s your best friend, you can Google and use the Google Images to try and find
pictures of plants. Another thing I do also is, PFAF is Plants For A Future database,
where they talk about all of the different or most all, I have found some edible plants
that aren’t in there, but most all edible plants that have been on Earth, and that’s
a really good online free, cheap, no cost resource to use so that you can enhance your
knowledge about edible food crops. Alright, next question is Carol RT, “Hello
John, thanks for all the time and effort you put into your channel, I was wondering if
you bother with crop rotation in your raised beds or because you augment the soil continually,
it doesn’t matter so much. Thanks, Carol, Prineville, Oregon.” Alright Carol, so yes,
crop rotation, that’s definitely a big subject. So here’s the overall picture, right? I
always strive to do crop rotation, I always strive to grow something different every season
than the last season, even the last two seasons, so if I grew tomatoes in one bed last season
or even the season before I strive not to grow tomatoes in that bed. Now you know it’s
always best to do crop rotation if you have the room. Like if I had acreage, I would absolutely
do crop rotation and actually have a season or a period of time where I let the grounds
go fallow and just planted some [inaudible] crops, and then would till them under. Unfortunately,
in a small backyard situation or front yard situation where you don’t have a lot of
square footage, crop rotation can be very difficult and challenging, especially trying
to work in the crops that you want to grow instead of just crops you need to grow because
it’s in the crop rotation, I’m supposed to grow the roots, then the leaves and then
the fruits, and then I’ve got to start all over again I’ve got to grow a cover crop,
that’s too much to think about. But crop rotation in my opinion is especially important
if you have some land you just happen to grow on that has not been improved. As you can
see all my raised beds are filled painstakingly with compost, rock dust, and other soil nutrients
to give the soil the most nutrition in there, plus in addition I got the super-charger on,
the super-charger is the beneficial microbes, fungi, bacteria, and all these different things
in the soil that actually make the nutrients in that soil more bioavailable or actually
poop out, for lack of a better word, more nutrients so your plants can continue to grow.
So in that case, while I strive to do crop rotation whenever possible because of the
disease factor, not necessarily because of the nutrition factor, I don’t necessarily
always get to do that. So if you do have some really good rich soil that’s been improved,
I personally think crop rotation is not as important as it’s made out to be in many
standard conventional acreage gardening. So hopefully that answers your question on that.
Next question is from MyReflection75, “Hello John thanks for all your time and effort sharing
all your information with us, I have two questions for you if you have the time. One, I’ve
noticed that you have shared your seeds with your viewers in a few videos, I would like
to purchase seeds from plants that you have grown yourself, is there a place where you
offer seeds, cuttings or roots for sale? If you could make a video explaining how we can
get them from you and a brief summary on what climate will work best for them would be amazing.
Two, could you explain the difference between seeds that you get from plants grown in organic
compost with trace minerals and the beneficial microbes added versus seeds from plants that
are grown commercially? In either case I do plan on growing in compost that is rich with
microbes and minerals. Thank you again John, words cannot express the appreciation I have
for all your work.” All right well thank you. So let’s see, we’ll answer the easiest
question first. Let’s see, is there a place that I offer my seeds, cuttings or roots for
sale? Yes I do offer small amounts of my seeds, cuttings – well not cuttings yet but tubers
or roots available, and that’s on my Facebook page, so you all want to go to my Growing
Your Greens Facebook page and like it, and also you can see the little store I have set
up there for a fun hobby thing, to get some of these seeds and rare crops out to you guys.
Now most of the time that store’s absolutely sold out because I’ll harvest seeds, I’ll
have it, I’ll put them up there and then they’re gone and then I don’t have anymore,
because I’m not just buying seeds and reselling them, no I’m selling you guys the seeds
that I actually grew in high quality soil. And you know, that’s not my business, it’s
not my living, I do that just to get some of these rare exotic seeds out because they
are so hard to find. Plus I need to pay for my gardening habits and my clearance deal
runs at Lowe’s and Sears and whatnot too. So yeah, so that takes care of that, and let’s
see, so that’s how you get them, go to, search for Growing Your Greens, also I think
it’s is the mobile webpage, and if you don’t want to
go to Facebook you can use the mobile website from a regular computer as well and order
from there just to get to the store specifically. Let’s see, “Could you explain the difference
between seeds that you get from plants grown in organic compost with trace minerals and
the beneficial microbes added versus seeds from plants that are grown commercially?”
So about the only way I could describe this is by the old adage “You are what you eat,”
I like to kind of change that to “You are what you eat and absorb.” So we know that
if people eat McDonalds and junk food and fast food right, they’re going to be pretty
unhealthy. They might be overweight, and their brain might be messed up, they might go on
shooting rampages and just all kinds of crazy stuff because we’re meant to eat a certain
kind of food and our food has gotten so deranged from commercial agriculture and from powers
that be and whatnot, you know so if those people try to produce babies, right, will
those babies be overweight, will those babies have ADHD, will those babies have allergies,
will those babies maybe come out with birth defects, or in the worst cases, will those
people even be able to have babies? I mean the rate of infertility in today’s societies
are insane, I mean was there all this infertility when you guys were growing up? No, people
would make love, have babies, and be happy, but nowadays the food system’s so deranged
and you are what you eat, right, the people are not able to have really healthy, vibrant
children. So I can definitely say that about people and now we just want to transfer that
whole concept to plants, right? If you’re feeding plants NPK, which are what commercial
growers for the most part feed their plants and spray them with pesticides, right? Yeah,
you might get seeds that are duds, defective, and you might get seeds that have most of
the same traits or genes as the parents, but what if you fed the plants exactly what they
need, organic soil, the trace minerals, the rock dust, and also had the microbes in the
soil, because there’s a symbiosis between the roots and the plants, and everything going
on, so that now they can reproduce successfully, and they’ll probably even be stronger genetics,
have better traits, and even have more of the desirable qualities. So that’s the only
thing I can really say about that is I always encourage you guys to purchase organic seeds
whenever possible, I mean, I’d rather you guys grow some commercial untreated seeds
right, I don’t want you to by treated seeds, I’d always rather you guys grow untreated
commercial seeds than not grow it at all, like “John, I can’t get organic chicory
root seeds, so I’m not going to grow it.” No, no, no, no man, just get some organic
seeds, grow it in trace minerals, rock dust, compost and the microbes in your soil, and
then save your seeds so that you can start enhancing the genetics that are originally
found in those seeds. And this is all my personal opinions about how nature works, because once
again I’m just trying to model nature, and do what nature would do and not just do some
artificial diet of NPK and limited amounts of nutrients that conventional farming would
do. So hopefully that explains that answer and you understand it a little bit better.
So let’s see, next question is from Njinsptr, “Hey John I love the show, I was wondering
where do you recommend getting tree collard seeds or plants? I live in New Jersey Zone
7A, will they survive here? Chris from NJ.” All right Chris so yes, tree collards should
survive in Zone 7A, and actually just like last episode actually believe it or not I
did have an episode where I was offering tree collard seeds, and I do want to say once again,
it’s best to get tree collards from the cuttings, because the seeds are probably not
true to seed, meaning you’re not going to get the same exact plant that I’m growing,
it’s not going to be an identical clone, but it may have some similar traits and you
know what? That’s just the roulette and that’s how it goes. Other than that I’d
recommend a place called, they will start offering the cuttings I believe
in May, and one of these days when I get off my tushy tushy I might start offering some
cuttings to you guys, we’ll see how that goes.
All right next question is from Mohawk1873, “If I grow tomato plants from seed in a
cluster will they choke each other out as they mature or do I have to separate them?”
So let’s see, you do not have to separate them. Will they choke each other out and will
they produce less if you don’t? Probably. So I have had tomatoes that self-seeded in
my garden and came up in a big patch, and you know they produced well for me, I was
pretty happy with it, and you know in the wild, you know in the Everglades they have
the Everglades tomato that just grows wild everywhere, well I don’t know about everywhere
but just grows wild. And they’re fine on their own, so you know I always encourage
you guys to divide out your plants, because it’s going to be a lot more valuable to
divide them out and space them accordingly, minimum I’d do two feet spacing on the tomatoes
to get the optimal production and give them enough space to spread their leaves out and
their branches out and not get too close because then that can cause, if you’re not getting
enough air circulation, disease and whatnot. And I always encourage you guys to experiment,
so I don’t know, try it. Try some seeds in a cluster, let them grow without separating
and then also have a section where you actually separate them out and make a video about it
and share your results with everybody. You know, I mean one way is [inaudible] harder,
one way is easier, and there’s pros and cons of doing it each way. But experiment,
try to find out and see what happens. So the next question is from Jameson Knight.
Oh wow he has a whole bunch of questions here. “What is your profession, if you could,
would you make YouTube your profession, would you consider going to school to learn more
about perfecting growing your own greens, would you consider owning livestock, do you
use your manure, do you urinate and poo for growing any of your crops, do you upload in
1080p, love the videos, keep it up.” All right Jameson lots of questions, number one
what is my profession? Well specifically I offer the products that [inaudible] eat more
fruits and vegetables, so I sell juicers, blenders, dehydrators, so I’m a small kitchen
appliance salesperson I guess is what you could call me. “If you could would you make
YouTube your profession?” You know I don’t know that I’d make it my profession, I do
the Growing Your Greens show for a hobby, and I just love doing this stuff and I don’t
know that I’d want to be like “This is my profession, I have to do it,” because
when you’ve got a have to do something, you guys probably don’t want to do it like,
I rebel. My mom says “Oh you’ve got to clean your plate,” oh yeah screw you man,
I’m not going to clean my plate I’m too full I’m going to stop eating, you know?
So yeah, I probably wouldn’t want to make YouTube my profession, I like to do it on
the side for fun. What would I like to do as my profession? That’s a good question,
I’d probably like to have a farm and grow a lot of rare exotic crops and varieties and
offer seeds and plants out to people. I think that’s one of my upcoming professions, and
I have a lot of ideas about that. Anyways “Would you consider going to school to learn
more about perfecting growing your own greens?” So you know I don’t know if I’d go to
a traditional school where I go to college and go back to class and all this stuff I
mean, I don’t know if number one I have the patience for that, number two, I don’t
know, I mean I’d probably learn something, which would probably be good but the time
invested would not be a benefit to me in my opinion you know? I love what I’m doing
now, I learn so much by just gardening and growing on my own and you know I’m a pretty
good gardener overall, I know a little bit. But I’m always improving what I’m learning
and what I’m growing, so I’ll go to different classes that different people give talks and
I learn from them and then I can use that in my garden and I can also share that information
with you. I also do a lot of research and learning about things online behind the scenes
all the time to improve my garden but also to help you guys improve your gardens out
there so I probably would not go back to a traditional school to perfect growing my own
greens. I’m not going to say I’m perfect by any means, but I do a pretty darn good
job now. “Would you consider owning livestock?” I guess it depends on the definition of livestock,
so I substitute “Would you consider owning animals,” absolutely, I have had ducks in
the past, and ducks are amazing creatures, one of the best things I ever did was to keep
some ducks, they love to eat my snails and slugs and actually, one of the little ones
would actually follow me around like I was the mom, and I would pick up little pots,
you know black nursery pots with slugs on the bottom and there were black slugs on the
bottom, and the duck would just see it just poof, and eat it. And then it would wag its
little tail, it was so cool. So yes I would absolutely have some animals and they would
be my pets. The animals that I had on my farm would be my pets, and I would treat them well
and ensure that they have a happy, healthy life, and I’d be able to utilize them in
the way that would be best for me, and also let them have a great life at the same time,
so the ducks would benefit me by eating the snails and slugs so I don’t have to deal
with them and feed them they love that stuff, and then I would get to use their duck manure.
So the next question is “Do you use manure?” So I do use a limited amount of compost manure
in my gardens although I prefer to use a more vegetative food scraps, composted down. Let’s
see “Do you urinate and poo for growing any of your crops?” So I guess he means
do I urinate and poo on my crops? So I don’t poo on my crops, I have tested the waters
with humanure, and one of these days I’ll have a good video on that for you guys, but
that’s definitely a long time in the making, I’m not at that point yet. But I do often
urinate on my crops. Don’t waste your urine guys, you guys pee in the toilet and flush
it down with 1.2 gallons of water if you have a water saving toilet and if you don’t,
it’s 3 gallons of water. You’re using clean water to flush perfectly good nitrogen-based
fertilizers down the toilet and send it away. I mean if you go to a big box store and try
to buy some nitrogen fertilizer man, that shit’s expensive. So what I do is I just
like to come out on my plants and take a leak at the bases. Generally it’s mostly on [inaudible]
crops, but I do it on some trees and whatnot, because urine is a terrible thing to waste,
seriously. Okay let’s see, “Do you upload in 1080p?” Absolutely not, so I have a small
Flipcam that I’m filming on right now, and if the file sizes were in 1080p, that’d
be significantly larger, take a lot more computing time to process, render and save, in addition
they’d take significantly longer to upload my videos, which I’m not willing to do at
this point because I just do this once again as a hobby. All right man that was a long
question list there. Next question is from Aaron J, “Hi John,
I thoroughly enjoy your channel, the best gardening channel in my opinion keep up the
great work. I was finally able to locate and purchase some glacial rock dust at a local
garden center, have you ever applied the rock dust via a water solution in order to water
the rock dust into the soil, and onto the plant foliage, if so, what ratio of rock dust
would be appropriate per gallon of water for use on the vegetable plants as well as fruit
trees and shrubs? Thanks.” All right Aaron, in general I just mix my rock dust in with
my plants. On occasion I have mixed the rock dust in with water and then watered the plants,
but I’ve never foiler-fed the rock dust. A better product in my opinion to do that
if you want to get the minerals into the plants would be the Sea 90 product, and that basically
you just dilute that in water and then you can spray that into the ground any of the
plants. To me the rock dust is better actually put in the ground mixed in with the soil than
sprayed in on top. You know I think it’s definitely a synergistic effect if you could
mix in the rock dust into your soil and then actually spray the Sea 90s on top of the soil
and then actually foiler feed that one, so that’s that I’d recommend to you.
Next question is from Shane Waldrop, “John, I want to go completely home garden but I
need help. I have a nice start but not sure what to plant and arrange them. Help.” All
right Shane, so let’s see, number one you want to get a book called Square Foot Gardening
by Mal Bartholemew, and that method will teach you how close to plant the plants that you’re
growing, the next thing is you need to figure out what you want to plant, so the easiest
way to do that is to plant things that you like to eat and plant things that are easy
to grow. So that’s what I recommend by starting, getting the Square Foot Gardening book and
follow the methods in there and just get some seeds or some starter plants which are a lot
easier in my opinion than starting the seeds and just start growing for it. Yeah I like
that “growing for it,” and just see what happens, you might have a few trials and tribulations
but that’s all right, plow through them and keep on growing is what I like to say.
All right down to the next question, Justin Hemmecker, “Hey John, thanks for the great
channel and sharing your knowledge, you’ve inspired me and given me the confidence that
I can grow healthy food for my wife and myself. I eat a lot of oranges and use a lot of limes
for guacamole and margaritas. Are chopped up citrus peels okay for composting, or will
it be detrimental to the mix? Thanks, Justin.” All right Justin, this is a big question actually
you know, back in the traditional days [inaudible] “Don’t add citrus to your compost pile.”
And what I have to say to that is hogwash. Forget about all that stuff you’ve ever
heard, I composted literally 50% citrus, and actually my composter’s sitting over there
and I’ll have an upcoming episode on that showing you my brand new cool tumbling composter,
and loading it up with at least 50% of citrus and 50% other food scraps and a good carbon
source, and you know so I say yeah, go for standard heat-based composting of your oranges
and citrus, and if you’re going to do it it’s best to chop them up, but even in this
composter I’ve had, that citrus stuff breaks down really fast, especially a lot faster
than some of the other things that I added in there. Now I think where this rumor started
that you can’t compost citrus is if you do have a worm composting bin you do not want
to feed a large portion of citrus peels to your worms, they just don’t like eating
them. So use that in a standard compost pile and if you want to feed a little bit to your
worms, it’s cool, but they might not eat it, it might just end up rotting in there
which might get nasty. All right, I think we’re down to the last
question here, Dos Uno, that means like two one, “Hi I’m in the beginning stages of
building a raised bed garden, and I was wondering what were your thoughts and expertise, is
pine wood good to use?” So, you know it depends on your situation. Pine wood is one
of the most inexpensive woods to use and if you’re renting and you don’t expect to
be in a place long and you don’t want to spend a lot of money, pine wood would be great
to use. Another thing you do want to make sure you coat it with a good natural coating
that’s going to seal it and protect it from rotting faster, because pine definitely can
rot quicker than other kinds of woods. You know I’d much rather you guys spend a little
bit more and maybe get some cedar or redwood, which is going to last significantly longer.
I have my cedar fence boards that I used in my garden I just dug out one of the beds to
inspect it, because I was actually harvesting my Jerusalem artichokes, and even after three
years now, I don’t see any signs of rot. So you know and I coated it and treated it
and all that stuff with natural stuff, so you know that’s what I’d recommend to
you, but I have other videos where I show a renter that just used pine wood because
it’s really cheap and inexpensive so it depends on your budget and your goals and
what you want to do. I have used that in the past and it lasted many years before it did
start to rot, and depending on what your goals are, you could absolutely use it. And I much
rather use the pine wood than a pressure-treated wood as I mentioned earlier in this video.
Well I think that’s pretty much the end of this question and answer session I’ll
have another one with all the questions on the back of this page. So hopefully you guys
enjoyed this episode, once again, my name is John Kohler with,
we’ll see you next time and remember, keep on growing.

Randy Schultz

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86 thoughts on “Can I Compost Oranges and Other Citrus Fruits & More Organic Gardening Q&A

  1. GrowVeg says:

    Thanks for all the interesting answers John! On the subject of wood for raised beds, I find it hard to get cedar or redwood here and have used pine wood instead. I just chose to buy much thicker planks – 2 inches thick – and it lasted well without being too expensive. Some people say that charing the outside of the wood is another way to preserve it, though I haven't tried this myself.

  2. BazzaDazza says:

    John where do i askyou a question

  3. Lois Laney says:

    Great info.!!

  4. sharpsteve2003 says:

    What kind of juicer do you recommend and where can I buy it?

  5. Jimmy Brown says:

    john do you juice hemp leaves the non psychoactive kind i heard theirs good things in the raw leaves

  6. olorin stormcrow says:

    I live in Las Vegas and would like to come by your house to see your garden and maybe get some cuttings.I would pay for cuttings.

  7. imcalledcateyes says:

    thank you…

  8. Jeremy Johnson says:

    That escalated quickly, haha @14:19

  9. chemicalovercast says:

    you just did

  10. thaitichi says:

    I just purchased some Azomite Rock Dust from rootnaturally because of your recommendation in another video. Thanks for the 10% off coupon code.
    -I'm usually hesitant to grow vegetables because I always feel that I don't get enough direct sunlight hours. What would be the minimum number of direct sunlight needed to grow crops successfully? What would be the optimal number of direct sunlight hours? Are there any full shade crops that can be grown?

  11. groovesme says:

    23:30 Careful with urinating in the garden. In many places including Phoenix they can get you for indecent exposure even in your own back yard if a neighbor complains.

  12. GailMHar says:

    great info! Thanks a bunch for sharing your hobby with us – your enthusiasm is quite contagious!

  13. phantomcreamer says:

    I hate it when people rely on facebook for things. I, like many others, do not have a facebook account, and miss out on great opportunities. They are a little too close to big corporate brother.

  14. phantomcreamer says:

    I agree, piss jugs help circumvent the problem. It also makes it easier not to spray your greens and fruit with it.

  15. CJ says:

    Citrus isn't good for worm composting because of the high levels of acidity. It causes the worms to crawl out of the bin on to the top.

  16. micasaverde says:

    Justin, if you want to make authentic guacamole, leave the lime juice out. Mexicans do not use it. Try it and you'll see how much better it will be. (Ditto for salsa, only foreigners put lime juice in it.)

  17. Graham’s World TV says:

    You flipped off the camera. Lol love you man.

  18. foggymedia says:

    University studies, many from Finland, showed vegetables grow healthier n more pest n disease resistant in human urine. U.S. university/college agricultural extension infor depts. recommend it. Human urine has a cornucopia of minerals n nutrients in a form plants can take up right away. Dilute 9 parts water to 1 part urine,too high in nitrogen on its own. Young plants 19:1 Urine is typically sterile and soil bacteria makes it safe. Feces has pathogens. Cut back on salt added to your diet

  19. asininityy says:

    regarding what you said about urinating right on the plants, doesn't the urine need to be fermented or something first? when we were little my grandmother would store our urine in a giant plastic jug in the yard for a period of time before using it on the garden. I remember telling my cousin to pee directly on a plant when we were children, thinking it would help the plants, but I ended up getting yelled at because the plant ended up dying, haha.

  20. Ed Howes says:

    John, I left you a message on your Facebook Timeline on this video post you should not miss. 8)

  21. Gardening & More says:

  22. Gardening & More says:

    Thumbs up

  23. MrBarrytone says:

    Another great episode, John!

  24. Fedup withem says:

    Pressure treated wood has been safe for about 15 years now. Look at it this way, if you consider fish to be safe to eat, then pressure treated wood was always safe to use in gardens. The soil in your compost is probably less safe than the pressure treated wood.

  25. Fedup withem says:

    The "new" pressure treated wood is even safe for playgrounds, and I have been using it in my gardens for years. Copper is the dominant now instead of arsnic, wich is produced naturally in soil anyway.

  26. Wyrmspleen says:

    Awesome, love your attitude to livestock as pets and not being harvested for meat and your awareness of degraded processed foodstuffs by tptb and that you can back engineer by growing them defects out. The urine thing was good to hear too. Awesome channel.

  27. lifevorce says:

    Do not use pressure treated lumber–he says

  28. Mishka B says:

    I think the pressure treated wood has glues and or formaldehyde in it. Over where I live in Aus it is called composite wood. I think that is the same as pressure treated.

    I HOPE JOHN READS THIS. Maybe he can clarify this?

  29. Enrique Goitia says:

    hey john, when lining a grow bed with a drip system. is it on the whole day? how often does it water the plants and in waht intervals. thanks??

  30. Dritan Bega says:

    Long life to you John, very inspiring

  31. MyRe flection says:

    thank you so much for answering my questions John. your explanation was similar to my ideas about the seeds. I haven't herd to many people talking about the genetics in the seed so thank you for sharing your opinion. I originally had the question because I have been buying seeds over the internet and i physically do not get to see the plant and cant tell how it was raised. so i will be sourcing my seeds to find the best genetics and then saving my seeds to improve upon those genetics. thank you

  32. MrErndogg says:

    Hay Jonh, How can I go about getting one of your soup making book. thanks

  33. Mindy L. says:

    Why in the world would anyone give John a thumbs down??? Seriously?? He is amazing, fun, informative, intelligent, inspirational and genuinely passionate about growing organic gardens and supreme health etc etc etc. Whoever gave thumbs down needs some serious garden therapy. ha!

  34. Vi McShannon says:

    Thanks again John. O I read a great article in Mother Earth news about using urine. They say its best to dilute it. Haven't tried it though!

  35. heafy says:

    You should put the time of the video on each of ur questions for faster and easier viewing

  36. Ratchet25 says:

    Dude you're so awesome!!! Keep doin your thing John!!! I love you man!!! You are so inspiring!!!!

  37. cal88usa says:

    Thanks for another great show.

  38. DustyWiyrick says:

    looking good feeling great ! Selah,Wa.98942

  39. DustyWiyrick says:

    John check out irisheyesgardenseeds,com 509- 933 -7150

  40. Kroogg says:

    I enjoy your videos. I had to laugh when you said eating McDonald's would lead to mass shootings. I hope you were sarcastic. Either way it was pretty funny

  41. Kuromatsu619 says:

    John, as a raw foodist, does that mean you are vegan? Do you eliminate all forms of meat from your diet? If so, what are your views of using bone or blood meal on your plants and vegetables?

  42. Daniel Allouche says:

    I have to agree with J Ko. When you piss in the compost, it actually helps break down all that waste a whole lot faster too. After a few cold ones what better way to reclaim all that goodness than to walk over to the compost.

  43. Daniel Allouche says:

    Most plants need at least six hours of sun each day.the only shade loving food you can grow in full shade is mushrooms.

  44. Fedup withem says:

    Comosite wood is wood particles or thin layers of wood that are glued together and pressed. Pressure treated wood solid wood that is treated with a copper based solution that keeps it from rotting for a long time. It used to have alot of arsnic in it but the formula was changed ( in America anyway) years ago.

  45. Rith n- Frank says:

    thanks for the motivating video… you seem to have lots of hands on experience.

  46. Daver RC says:

    Thank you

  47. tankguy says:

    John, I somewhat disagree about pressure treated lumber. I layed out my garden in 1982 using pressure treated lumber (2x10sx3ftx8ft). Shortly after I read don't use till studies are done. Thirty years later, where are any results of any studies? The beds have not deteriated, I haven't had any side affects from eating the produce. I would like to see EVIDENCE.

  48. Financial Survivalist says:

    McDonalds causes shooting rampages! JK

  49. phantomcreamer says:

    Left over smoothie, or other food scraps preblended. They'll eat that shit from breakfast, lunch, 'till dinner.

  50. Christine Roark says:

    Hi John. Thanks for the advice for my first time garden. I started today, made my soil, supplemented with Azomite, Worm Castings and such; added the fertilizer that you suggested. I've planted a few things. My question for you – or suggestion – I would love to start a tumbling composter, but I am confused as to which one might be better. I've already got a worm factory in process but want to do the tumbling composter outside too. Love to know what you system you are using — ASAP. Thanks!

  51. LarkaStark says:

    I have 20 pounds of rock dust which is now clay, from getting wet. It doesn't mix well now – what in the heck do I do with it?

  52. ElectronicTech1999 says:

    Do you have to have a seed labelers permit to sell seeds?

  53. Mishka B says:

    We have treated pine which is soaked in arsenic for preservation and had the same sort of issue, but now they do manufature it another way in some factories. Though being sure you get the safer option can be hard. Im not sure if these sorts of treated timbers are still chemical free or safe from heavy metals or toxins though?

  54. Mishka B says:

    Can you soak it in water for a while and then feed it into the soil that way by watering it in?

  55. Dana Nistor says:

    Hello John, I live in the city and I plan to buy a piece of land in the country side. Please suggest some plants that don't need too much water or care, like two days a week maybe, thanks.

  56. kosmo10s says:

    John, please watch this TED video on Youtube regarding an urban gardener in LA. It should go viral. Maybe you can do one of your videos on him. very inspirational and in line with your philosophy.

    search: Ron Finley: A guerilla gardener in South Central LA


  57. BreadCasket says:

    Shooting rampage from eating McDonalds. love it.

  58. Daniel G. Desiga says:


  59. Mick Scarborough says:

    ANy law that would require a permit to sell seeds is an unjust law and serves no one but Big Brother. It is the duty of all citizens to disobey such laws.

  60. Mick Scarborough says:

    have you tried mixing it with water and making a rock dust tea?

  61. Mondoshawn says:

    Oh john your so lucky that you can grow your greens all year round there you live.

  62. May W says:

    do a search under John's channel, he has two videos on R Finley.

  63. livelovelaughwith lisa says:

    What are you planting this year?

  64. livelovelaughwith lisa says:

    I'm in Texas. the heat gets crazy in the summer burning up my plants last year. Didn't get much harvest for the amount of $ I put in. Occasionally, we get cold front that lower the weather like 10-15 degrees difference making it lower than 50F. What you recommend or how to protect early sprouts from dying. Greenhouse is a must but I don't have space because of our pool. ;(

  65. Chanel Crane says:

    I will keep it short . I have a son with autism who is 30 . I work around him . He lives on my expanding farm . I need help on so many levels . If you know any one interested in permaculture I would be so happy . There are so many homes with I acre or more fore sale here and there I need gardening , permaculture friends . This is where so much of the nations food comes from . My family worked here I just work it a different way .

  66. Chanel Crane says:

    I forgot to say I live in Manteca California .

  67. J B says:

    I hope you do a seed catalog video! My grandmother recently gave me a catalog for trees it was fun looking through and made me want to plant an apple & pear tree lol. I'm very interested in learning about the various varieties of fruit & veg that i've never heard of. I watched a series of shows about historical seeds…they were basically just discussing varieties of food that was grown in the 1700-1800s and they were showing varieties i've never heard of! Made me want to know more!

  68. J B says:

    Thanks for sharing this! I really enjoyed it.

  69. no2religions says:

    I think, John, if you converted your yard to a permaculture garden you will lower the cost of your gardening by about 100%. Even with your raised can remain, but stop tilling them. Just cover with the compost and plant in that. Don't pull out plants, cut them off at the ground level… unless they are weeds! lol.

  70. Vincent Alexander says:

    Hi John I just ordered your Bolivian Cucumber Seeds on facebook. Stoked to grow those man! THANK YOU!

  71. EternalEscence84 says:

    That kind of law serves the big agricultural seed companies so that they can produce more gmo seeds.

  72. TheBushdoctor68 says:

    And yet, when that law becomes a fact, citizens will bend over and take it without a moan. Just like they do with every ridiculous decision their government makes.
    In fact, when it's presented well, they will cheer for 'the protection of companies'. I mean, money trickles down doesn't it?

  73. sertimins says:

    Hello John, I live in san jose, CA. First time gardner . It's seems to appear vegetables like sun But not full sun all the time. One side of my backyard is always full sun and other side is always shaded. I believe leafy vegatables need mostly shade and tomatos need mostly sun. How would you stratigize this situation.
    Using planters and moving around will not work either because there is no partial sunny area. Also what do you think about unside down planters like topsy turvy?

  74. nikonmother says:

    Gen 2:15 and the Lord God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to till it and to keep it. 16 and the lord God commanded the man, saying, of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

  75. Dog's Deals says:

    First time watchin'. This was kinda bland, not a lot of entertainment. BUT, great info! You obviously know your stuff. Got my sub! 😉

  76. Pretty Sweet Vid's says:

    your a doofus

  77. Vance Oliver says:

    Glad I found your page! Thanks for all the tips! Please keep it up

  78. Leonard Samuels says:

    Just be careful with pee concentrations as they can be quite high and might burn your plants if applied onto the leaves…

  79. 143warriors says:

    Hey, there is a product called Sweetly Citron on Amazon and its all natural. It also smells sweet. And the best part of it is that, it is organic. No harmful products.

  80. Alden Hall says:

    Great video , If anyone else wants to grow you own fantastic healthy fruit and veg fast it's worth considering – Banfan Incredible Organic Miracle ( try searching google)? Ive heard some unbelievable things about it from my cousin – perfect!

  81. Tommy Nickels says:

    just dilute pee then apply. piss in a bucket then add water. done.

  82. Gina B says:

    What if you take meds then you cant use your own urine correct?

  83. o k says:

    Question to add. What is the general mix of citrus soil? How to make citrus soil. It's quite expensive for a small bag of Verve Citrus soil in the UK.

  84. I changed My Name says:

    Where's the question at? I'm not gonna watch a 30 minute video for 1 question 👍👍👍

  85. Noland Ono says:

    John every year i going broke filling up my beds

  86. Jason Hu says:

    To save your time, 26:53 is the question for orange peel.

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